It is VERY IMPORTANT to have eye exams after discharge from the hospital since ROP may not be resolved before discharge. The timing of these exams is critical because delays in treatment can increase the risk of vision loss. Also, even with successful treatment of ROP, prematurity may lead to other vision abnormalities. Prematurity is a risk factor for the development of amblyopia (lazy eye), eye misalignment (strabismus), the need for glasses (even at a young age), and cortical visual impairment. Therefore, every premature infant needs the long-term attention of an ophthalmologist (Eye MD).